Terrazzo is made by combining a cement base (sand, water, and cement) with a mixture of ground minerals – like marble, granite, and quartz – and can be applied to almost any surface, vertical or horizontal.
How Are Terrazzo Floors Made?
Terrazzo floors are a common sight in commercial establishments, airports, and other public spaces. Terrazzo is a composite material made up of chips of marble, quartz, granite, glass, or other materials, which are set in a cement or epoxy binder and polished to a smooth surface.
The resulting flooring is both durable and attractive, and is perfect for high–traffic areas. But how exactly are terrazzo floors made? The process of making terrazzo floors begins by laying down a base layer of concrete or mortar.
This layer should be at least 2 inches thick and must be flat and level. Once this layer has been laid, a water–resistant membrane is applied on top to separate it from the terrazzo layer.
Next, the terrazzo mix is created. This mix typically consists of marble chips, quartz, granite, glass, and other materials, which are combined with a cement binder to form a paste.
This paste is then spread over the base layer and left to set. After the terrazzo mix has set and dried, the surface is then ground and polished. This grinding and polishing process takes place in several stages, beginning with a coarse grit and proceeding to a finer grit