A centrifugal pump operates through the transfer of rotational energy from one or more driven rotors, called impellers. The action of the impeller increases the fluid’s velocity and pressure and directs it towards the pump outlet.
How Centrifugal Pump Works?
A centrifugal pump is a device used to move fluids, such as liquids and gases, from one place to another. It works by using centrifugal force, which is generated by a rotating impeller, to move the fluid.
This force causes the fluid to move outward from the center of the impeller, creating a pressure differential between the inlet and outlet. This pressure differential is what enables the fluid to be moved from one point to another.
The centrifugal pump is composed of four main components: the impeller, the housing, the shaft, and the motor. The impeller is the main component of the pump and is responsible for generating the centrifugal force.
It is a rotating disc with blades attached to it that creates a vortex, which causes the fluid to move outward from the center of the impeller.
The housing is the part of the pump that contains the impeller and the fluid. It is usually made of metal, such as steel or aluminum, and is designed to protect the impeller and the fluid from damage.
The shaft is the part of the pump that connects the impeller to the motor. The motor is the source of power for the pump, and is usually an electric motor but can also be a gas or diesel engine