In addition to the vertical force of gravity, skyscrapers also have to deal with the horizontal force of wind. Most skyscrapers can easily move several feet in either direction, like a swaying tree, without damaging their structural integrity.
How Do Forces Act on Skyscrapers?
Skyscrapers are among the most impressive feats of human engineering. They pierce the sky, reaching for the heavens and offer us an awe-inspiring view. But what’s even more impressive is how these towering buildings are able to stand up against the forces of nature. To understand how they do this, it’s important to know how forces act on skyscrapers.
Gravity is the primary force that acts on skyscrapers and is responsible for the downward acceleration of all objects on Earth. This force is directed towards the center of the Earth and is the same for all masses. As a result, the greater the mass of a skyscraper, the greater the gravitational force it experiences. This force is countered by the strength of the materials used in the skyscraper’s structure and by the foundation it rests on.
Wind is another force that acts on skyscrapers. Wind can cause a skyscraper to sway and move slightly, so it is important that the structure is designed to withstand these forces. Wind forces are countered by the skyscraper’s mass and its aerodynamic shape. The greater the mass of the skyscraper, the less it will be affected by the wind, as the wind forces will be distributed