Pipelines deliver energy from where it’s produced to where it is turned into useful fuels and products and on to our local communities. Energy products delivered by pipeline include crude oil, refined products such as gasoline and diesel, and natural gas liquids such as ethane and propane.
How Do Pipelines Work?
Pipelines are a critical part of the modern industrial landscape. They are used to transport materials and products throughout the world, and they are used in myriad industries including oil and gas, water, and manufacturing. But how do pipelines work? In this article, we’ll explain the basic principles behind pipeline operations so you have a better understanding of this vital technology.
At the most basic level, pipelines are tubes made of metal or plastic that transport products and materials from one point to another. The products or materials are typically in liquid or gas form and are pushed along by a pump or other mechanical device. The pipes themselves are usually buried, although some may be aboveground.
Pipelines are usually constructed with a variety of materials. Steel is the most commonly used material, though other materials such as polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, and fiberglass may be used as well. Each material has its own benefits and drawbacks, so a thorough assessment of the needs and conditions of the pipeline project must be made before construction begins.
The construction of a pipeline is a complex process that involves many steps. First, the route of the pipeline must be surveyed and mapped, and permits must be obtained from local, state, and federal agencies