A motor at the top of the shaft turns a sheave—essentially a pulley—that raises and lowers cables attached to the cab and a counterweight. Gears connect the motor and sheave in slower systems. Faster elevators are gearless; the sheave is coupled directly.
How Elevators Work?
Elevators are one of the most convenient and widely used forms of transportation in modern times. They are used in a wide variety of places, from residential buildings and high-rises to shopping malls and airports. Although most people don’t think about it, elevators are actually complex machines that use a number of mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic components to function. In this article we will explain the basics of how elevators work, including their components and their basic operation.
Elevators are made up of three main components: the car, the shaft, and the control system. The car is the part of the elevator that moves up and down, and is typically made of steel or aluminum. It is designed to hold a certain number of passengers, and is equipped with safety features such as emergency stop buttons and intercoms. The shaft is the space in which the car moves, and is usually lined with steel or concrete. It is designed to be supported by a series of pulleys, counterweights, and cables. Lastly, the control system is the brain of the elevator, and is responsible for controlling the speed, direction, and stopping of the car.
Elevators operate by using the force of gravity, along with