The slow decay of radioactive particles in the earth’s core, a process that happens in all rocks, produces geothermal energy.
How Is Geothermal Formed?
Geothermal energy is a form of renewable energy that is harnessed from the heat of the Earth. It is a clean and reliable source of energy that is becoming increasingly popular in recent years due to its low-carbon emissions and cost-effectiveness. The energy is generated by harnessing the natural heat that is stored within the Earth. This heat can be used to generate electricity or to heat buildings and is becoming an increasingly attractive alternative to traditional fuels such as oil and gas. So, how is geothermal formed?
Geothermal energy is created when water, either from rain or from underground sources, is heated by the Earth’s core. This process, known as geothermal convection, is created by the transfer of heat from the Earth’s core to the surface. The heat is then used to create steam which drives turbines to generate electricity or can be used directly to heat buildings or industrial processes.
The Earth’s core is composed of molten rock, or magma, which is heated by radioactive decay. This process produces heat which is then transferred through the Earth’s crust. The hotter regions of the Earth’s crust are known as hot spots and can be used to generate geothermal energy.
The Earth’s crust is not uniform in its temperature, however.