**It is calculated by multiplying the company’s share price by its total number of shares outstanding. For example, as of january 3, 2018, microsoft inc. Traded at $86.35.2 with a total number of shares outstanding of 7.715 billion, the company could then be valued at $86.35 x 7.715 billion = $666.19 billion.**

## How to Calculate Valuation?

Valuation is a key concept in the world of finance. It is used to determine the value of an asset or a business, which can help investors make more informed decisions. Understanding how to calculate valuation is essential for any investor who wants to make sound decisions and maximize their returns.

The most common method of calculating valuation is the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. This method uses the expected cash flows from a business over a period of time to determine its value. The discounted cash flow takes into account the cost of capital and the time value of money. The cash flows are estimated based on expected future revenue, expenses, and changes in working capital. The discount rate used in this method will vary depending on the risk associated with the business.

Another common method of calculating valuation is the relative valuation method. This method looks at the price of similar companies or assets in the market to determine the value of the asset or business being valued. This method takes the current market price of the asset or business and then adjusts it based on certain attributes, such as size, profitability, and growth potential.

The price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio is another method used to calculate valuation. This ratio is calculated by dividing a company

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