Like the pyramids built by his predecessor snefru and those that followed on the giza plateau, khufu’s pyramid is constructed of inner, rough-hewn, locally quarried core stones (which is all that we see today) and angled, outer casing blocks laid in even horizontal courses with spaces filled with gypsum plaster.
How Was the Pyramid of Khufu Constructed?
The Great Pyramid of Khufu, also known as the Pyramid of Giza, is one of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world. It is the only surviving structure of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and is believed to have been constructed around 2560 BC during the reign of the Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh Khufu. The Pyramid of Khufu is estimated to have taken around 20 years to construct and was built using more than 2.3 million limestone blocks. The structure of the pyramid is composed of six steps, with each step being a little smaller than the one before it.
The most impressive aspect of the Great Pyramid of Khufu is its perfect symmetry. The four sides of the pyramid are perfectly aligned to the cardinal points and the angles of the sides are almost perfect right angles. This is a remarkable feat of engineering and construction that has baffled experts for centuries.
The blocks used to construct the pyramid were quarried from the nearby limestone hills and then transported to the site of the pyramid. The blocks were then lifted into place and each one was carefully fitted into place with great precision. The blocks were then sealed with either a gypsum or limestone mortar, with the stones being cut to fit exactly into the walls. This ensured