The five main properties of water are its high polarity, high specific heat, high heat of vaporization, low density as a solid, and attraction to other polar molecules.
What Are Some Important Physical Properties of Water?
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth‘s streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients. Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds.
Water is the name of the liquid state of H2O at standard ambient temperature and pressure. It forms precipitation in the form of rain and distinctive types of ice (e.g., hail, sleet, snow), fog, and dew. Water covers 71% of the Earth‘s surface, mostly in the form of seas and oceans.
A greater volume of water is present above the surface of the Earth than on its surface.
The vast majority of fresh water, about 97%, is present as ice in glaciers and Antarctica, a somewhat smaller fraction in other large bodies of fresh water such as the Baltics, and the rest in the form of groundwater, lakes, rivers, and the atmosphere. Water on Earth moves continually through a cycle of evaporation or transpiration (evapotranspiration