Source water refers to bodies of water (such as rivers, streams, lakes, reservoirs, springs, and ground water) that provide water to public drinking-water supplies and private wells. Water sources can include: surface water (for example, a lake, river, or reservoir) ground water (for example, an aquifer)
What Are the Sources of Water?
Water is one of the most essential substances on earth. All living things need water to survive. Water is used for many purposes, including irrigation, drinking, cooking, washing, and manufacturing.
There are many sources of water. The most common source of fresh water is surface water, such as rivers, lakes, and ponds. Groundwater, such as wells and springs, is another common source of fresh water.
Surface water is usually contaminated with microorganisms, dissolved minerals, and other pollutants. Groundwater is often cleaner than surface water, but it can still be contaminated with pollutants from the surface.
Water can also be collected from the atmosphere, such as rain, snow, and fog. This water is called precipitation. Precipitation can be collected and stored for later use.
Water can also be obtained from the oceans. This water is called seawater. Seawater is salty and not suitable for drinking or irrigation. However, it can be used for industrial purposes.
Water is a renewable resource, but it is important to use it wisely. Fresh water is necessary for all life on earth. We must protect our water resources and use them carefully.