At the core paint involves three components: solvent, pigment and resin.
What Are the Three Ingredients Found in Every Type of Paint?
Paint is a crucial part of any home improvement or decoration project. It can brighten up a room, make it feel more spacious, or help to tie together disparate elements in a design.
But what exactly is paint? And what are the three ingredients found in every type of paint? Paint is a mixture of pigments, binders, and liquids.
Pigments are the colored particles that give paint its color. Binders are the materials that hold the pigments together and provide a smooth application.
Liquids are added to thin the paint and make it easier to apply. Pigments can be made from a variety of natural and synthetic materials. Common natural pigments include minerals like iron oxide and titanium dioxide.
Synthetic pigments are often made from chemicals like carbon black or phthalocyanine. Binders are typically made from polymers like acrylics, latexes, or oils.
Polymers are long chains of molecules that can be derived from natural materials like cellulose or synthetic materials like polystyrene. Liquids are typically water or solvents like mineral spirits.
Water is used to thin the paint and make it easier to apply. Solvents help to dissolve the binders and pigments