A compass is a device that indicates direction. It is one of the most important instruments for navigation. Magnetic compasses are the most well known type of compass. They have become so popular that the term “compass” almost always refers a magnetic compass.
What Is a Compass Used For?
A compass is a navigational instrument that is used to find direction. It consists of a magnetized needle that is mounted on a pivot point and free to rotate.
The needle aligns itself with the Earth‘s magnetic field, pointing north. The compass is used to find direction when traveling in unfamiliar territory or when lost.
The first compasses were used by the Chinese more than 2,000 years ago. They were made from lodestone, a naturally magnetized ore of iron.
The Chinese used these compasses for divination and fortune telling. The first recorded use of a compass for navigation was by the Polynesian people.
They used a magnetic lodestone in a bowl of water as a directional aid. Compasses were not used in Europe until the 12th century. They were used primarily by sailors and were essential for navigation.
Without a compass, sailors would be lost at sea. The compass has helped explorers map the world and has been used in many great voyages of discovery.
Today, compasses are used by hikers, campers, and hunters to find their way in the wilderness. They are also used by pilots and drivers to stay on course. Most compasses now use a liquid–filled capsule with a magnetized needle