A bermed house may be built above grade or partially below grade, with earth covering one or more walls. An “elevational” bermed design exposes one elevation or face of the house and covers the other sides—and sometimes the roof—with earth to protect and insulate the house.
What Is a House Built into a Hill Called?
A house built into a hill is called a hillside house, or a hill house. These houses are built into the side of a hill, often with a view of the surrounding area.
They are usually built with a sloped roof to shed rain and snow. Hillside houses are usually built with stone or brick walls and a wooden frame.
The walls are often thick to keep the house warm in winter and cool in summer. The windows are often small to keep the heat in. The first hillside houses were built in the Alps, in Switzerland.
They were built to withstand the heavy snowfalls in the winter. The roofs were often made of stone or slate to keep the snow from sliding off.
Today, hillside houses are built all over the world. They are popular in countries with cold winters, like Canada and Russia. They are also built in hot countries, like Italy and Spain.
In the United States, there are hillside houses in many different states, from California to Maine. Hillside houses have many advantages. They are warm in winter and cool in summer. They are often very energy efficient. And, they can be very beautiful.