Igneous rocks (granites). Igneous rocks are formed by the crystallisation of a magma. The difference between granites and basalts is in silica content and their rates of cooling. A basalt is about 53% sio2, whereas granite is 73%.
What Is the Difference Between Granite and Basalt?
Granite and basalt are two types of rocks found on the earth‘s surface. Both rocks are made up of different minerals, but granite contains more quartz than basalt.
Granite is typically lighter in color than basalt, and both rocks have a rough texture. Basalt is denser than granite, and is typically black or dark in color.
Granite is an igneous rock that forms when hot molten rock cools and crystallizes. Granite is made up of quartz, feldspar, and mica.
The word “granite“ comes from the Latin word “granum,” which means “grain.” Granite has a grainy texture because of its large crystals. Granite is the most common type of igneous rock on the earth‘s surface.
Basalt is also an igneous rock, but forms from lava that has cooled quickly. Basalt is made up of plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine. The word “basalt“ comes from the Latin word “basaltes,” which means “very hard stone.”
Basalt has a smooth, glassy texture because the lava cooled quickly and did not have time to form large crystals. Basalt is the most common type