Wall framing in house construction includes the vertical and horizontal members of exterior walls and interior partitions. These members, referred to as studs, wall plates and lintels, serve as a nailing base for all covering material and support the upper floors, ceiling and roof.
What Structural Members Are Included in Wall Framing?
Wall framing is the process of creating the skeletal structure of a wall. The frame of a wall is composed of vertical and horizontal members that provide support for the wall‘s cladding (exterior finish).
The most common type of wall framing is wood framing, which is used in the construction of most homes. The vertical members of a wood frame wall are called studs. They are typically made from 2–by–4 lumber, but can also be made from 2–by–6 lumber for taller walls.
The studs are spaced evenly along the length of the wall and are fastened to the top and bottom plates. The studs provide support for the wall cladding and also act as anchor points for the wall‘s interior finish. The horizontal members of a wood frame wall are called top and bottom plates.
The top plate is fastened to the studs at the top of the wall, while the bottom plate is fastened to the studs at the bottom of the wall.
The top and bottom plates provide support for the studs and help to distribute the weight of the wall evenly. In addition to the studs and plates, there are a few other structural members that are often used in wall framing. These include headers,