Clay becomes pottery at temperatures at about 1,000 degrees f (the beginning of glowing red heat – about 540 c). Traditionally, tribal earthenware is fired to about 1,400 degrees f (760 c).
What Temp to Fire Clay?
Clay can be fired at a wide range of temperatures, from as low as 600°F (315°C) to as high as 3000°F (1650°C). The firing temperature will affect the color, strength, and overall quality of the finished piece.
Lower temperatures are typically used for earthenware and mid–range stoneware, while higher temperatures are used for porcelain and other high–fire ceramics.
The most important factor to consider when firing clay is the type of clay you are using. Different types of clay have different firing temperature ranges, so it‘s important to know what type of clay you‘re working with before you start.
Earthenware clay is the most common type of clay used by potters. It can be fired at a wide range of temperatures, from 600°F (315°C) to 1800°F (982°C).
The lower end of the temperature range will produce a finished piece that is soft and porous, while the higher end will produce a piece that is stronger and less porous.
Stoneware clay is a stronger type of clay that is typically fired at higher temperatures, from 1800°F (982°C) to 2400°