Pyramids of giza | national geographic. All three of giza’s famed pyramids and their elaborate burial complexes were built during a frenetic period of construction, from roughly 2550 to 2490 b.c. The pyramids were built by pharaohs khufu (tallest), khafre (background), and menkaure (front).
What Year Was the Great Pyramid of Giza Built?
In 2560 BC, the Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, one of the most famous structures in all of history. It is the largest of the three pyramids in the Giza complex, and its base is more than 13 acres.
The Great Pyramid was the tallest man–made structure in the world for more than 4,000 years. The Great Pyramid is made of limestone blocks that weigh an average of 2.5 tons each.
There are an estimated 2.3 million blocks in the pyramid. The pyramid was built by Pharaoh Khufu‘s workers over a 20–year period. The original entrance to the Great Pyramid was on the north side, but it is now blocked by rubble.
The entrance that is used today is on the east side. The Great Pyramid has three main chambers. The lowest chamber is called the Subterranean Chamber.
It is not open to the public. The middle chamber is called the Queen‘s Chamber. The upper chamber is called the King‘s Chamber.
The King‘s Chamber is where Pharaoh Khufu‘s sarcophagus (coffin) is located. There are two ways to get to the King‘s Chamber. The first way is through