Many modern-day archaeologists now believe that machu picchu served as a royal estate for inca emperors and nobles. Others have theorized that it was a religious site, pointing to its proximity to mountains and other geographical features that the incas held sacred.
Why Did the Incas Build Machu Picchu?
The Incas were a powerful and advanced ancient society that ruled a large portion of South America, including Peru, from the 13th to 16th centuries. They were renowned for their architectural and engineering feats, and Machu Picchu is one of their most impressive and well-known accomplishments. But why did the Incas build this ancient city in the first place?
The most widely accepted answer to this question is that the Incas built Machu Picchu as a royal estate for the emperor Pachacuti. This emperor was one of the most influential figures in the Inca Empire and is credited with expanding their control from Peru to Ecuador and parts of Bolivia and Chile. He is thought to have built Machu Picchu as a retreat for himself and as a statement of his power and wealth.
The other theory is that it was built as an agricultural center. The Inca Empire was heavily reliant on the farming of maize and potatoes, and Machu Picchu was built at a high elevation to allow for the cultivation of these crops. The city was also located near the Urubamba River, providing a steady water supply for irrigation.
Machu Picchu was also built as a spiritual center. The Incas believed in a poly