Dedicated 75 years ago this month, mount rushmore was intended by its creator, Gutzon Borglum, to celebrate not only these four presidents but also the nation’s unprecedented greatness. “this colossus is our mark,” he wrote with typical bombast.
Why Was Mt Rushmore Built?
Mount Rushmore is one of America’s most iconic national monuments in the Black Hills of South Dakota. It was built to honor four of the United States’ most influential presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. The monument was dedicated in 1941 by then-President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and since then it has become an important symbol of American democracy and freedom. But why was Mount Rushmore built in the first place?
The idea of creating a mountain carving to honor the country’s great leaders was first proposed in 1923 by South Dakota historian Doane Robinson. Robinson wanted to create a tourist attraction that would draw visitors to the Black Hills region and help spur economic development. He suggested carving the figures of four great presidents into the face of a mountain, and the federal government eventually adopted his idea.
Gutzon Borglum, a renowned sculptor from Omaha, Nebraska, spearheaded the project. Borglum was already well-known for his work on the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial in Georgia. He saw Mount Rushmore as an opportunity to create a lasting tribute to the significant contributions that America’s presidents had made to the nation’s development.