The colosseum was built as part of an imperial effort to revitalize rome after the tumultuous year of the four emperors, 69 ce. As with other amphitheatres, the emperor vespasian intended the colosseum to be an entertainment venue, hosting gladiator fights, animal hunts, and even mock naval battles.
Why Was the Roman Colosseum Built?
The Romans were one of the most influential cultures in history, and the Colosseum is one of their most iconic structures. Built nearly 2000 years ago in what is now Rome, the Colosseum is renowned for its sheer scale and grandeur. So why was the Roman Colosseum made in the first place?
The construction of the Roman Colosseum began around 72 CE under the reign of Emperor Vespasian, with later additions completed in 80 CE during the reign of Titus. However, the idea for the Colosseum had been in circulation since Julius Caesar’s time. As the Roman Empire was entrenched in war, Vespasian wanted to provide the public with entertainment and distraction through a grand amphitheater.
The Colosseum was designed to host a wide variety of activities, from gladiator matches to executions, animal hunts, chariot races, and theatrical performances. In essence, it was a one-stop entertainment venue. Certainly, the Colosseum provided a much-needed diversion for the Roman public, but it also served as a political tool. By hosting large public gatherings, the ruling class was able to cement its power over the populace.